Richard Hertz

2021-10-11 05:10:25 UTC

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Permalinkaffecting the behavior of electrons in atoms, forcing corrections on hyperfine

transitions within cesium atoms in atomic clocks. At least in Germany, and at

least theoretically.

--------------------- Excerpt from Einstein 1911 paper ------------------------------------

§ 3. Time and the Velocity of Light in the Gravitational Field

f the radiation emitted in the uniformly accelerated system K′ in S2 toward

S1 had the frequency f2 relative to the clock at S2, then, relative to S1, at

its arrival at S1 it no longer has the frequency f2 relative to an identical

clock at S1, but a greater frequency f1, such that, to a first approximation

(2) f1 = f2 . (1+γh/c²)

..............

(2a) f1 = f2 . (1+Φ/c²)

--------------------------------------------------- End of excerpt ------------------------------------

From (2a), is derived that Δf/f2 = Φ/c² = −G.Me/c². (1/Re - 1/Rs) , for gravitational shift, which Einstein applied to his "light-generator".

The definition of a second, established (BIPM 1998) as the base unit of

time for the International System of Units (SI) is:

https://www.bipm.org/en/si-base-units/second

-------------------------------------------------

The second, symbol s, is the SI unit of time. It is defined by taking the

fixed numerical value of the caesium frequency Δν_Cs, the unperturbed

ground-state hyperfine transition frequency of the caesium-133 atom, to

be 9192631770 when expressed in the unit Hz, which is equal to 1/s.

--------------------------------------------------

This is very sub-atomic and specific, indeed.

Standard cesium clock has a typical relative frequency instability per day

about ± 10E-13, implying that it will keep time to within one second over

25,000 years. Improved versions of cesium fountain clock achieve, since

2011, accuracy within ± 10E-16. These new generation of Cs clocks can

last 25 million years before a second is lost (and life as we know is gone).

Now, the funny part when it comes to worldwide timekeeping by national

agencies, like NIST or USNO (USA), PTB (Germany), OP (France), NICT (Japan), SU (Russia), NTSC (China), etc. (all subrogated to BIMP), is that

keep the difference between the UTC (BIMP) below ± 10 nanoseconds.

However, as it's available at the German PTB site,

https://www.ptb.de/cms/en.html

TAI (Temps Atomique International), calculated by the International

Bureau for Weights and Measures (BIPM), as well as UTC (Coordinated

Universal Time), also kept as master source from BIPM, HAVE TO BE

ADJUSTED for Einstenian gravitational time dilatation.

This is because BIMP averages the time of about 400 atomic clocks from

50 different sites around the world, which are located at different heights

compared to the average ground level.

Excerpt from the German site:

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Due to the relativistic time dilatation caused by the earth's gravitational potential, the SI second could only be realised by atomic clocks at sea level if no corrections were applied.

In order to compensate for the gravitational time dilatation, the rates of atomic clocks located at an altitude h above sea level are corrected by a relative amount of -1.09.10E-16 (h/m).

The PTB clocks for example are located at heights of h = 78 until 79 m

so that the relative rate correction is about -8.6.10E-15. This takes into

account that the atomic second intervals realised by the PTB clocks are

shorter by 8.6.10E-15 than the SI second produced by a caesium clock

located on the geoid.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

So, it doesn't matter that national timekeepers have best values for

differences around ± 10E-9 sec (at best) between them, or that best

values for national timekeeping accuracy/day are in the order of

± 10E-13 to ± 10E-16, which has a dispersion between 10,000:1 and

1,000,000:1 depending on how modern are their atomic clocks.

EVERY SINGLE atomic clock in the world SHOULD BE corrected by a

relative amount of -1.09.10E-16 (h/m), depending on the height above

the average ground level for the geode that Earth is.

Then, relativists have succeeded bringing GR within the atom, and the

genial Einstein predicted this by 1911, when nor he neither any other

physicist HAD A FVCKING IDEA of what an atom was and, much less,

about hyperfine transitions 30 years before even anyone started thinking

about them.

And, what is more RIDICULOUS, is that the effect is more than 10,000

below any perceived difference within atomic clocks that BIMP control.

I wonder why such level of corrections (1.09.10E-16 . h) are needed, and

how come a 110 crazy idea has entered into the quantum world officially.

If it's not to perpetuate Einstein's role in modern physics, I don't know

what it is. Any arbitrary perturbation of NATURE has a greater impact

that 10E-16 . h, even when sites that host atomic clocks are stabilized

for temperature, humidity and shielded against electromagnetic sources.

I bet that a fat man coming into any of those rooms influence the clocks

more than this. Not to mention earthquakes, continental drift, Moon's

erratic orbits, planet's alineation, Cosmic Radiation showers, magnetic poles shifting, etc.

Einsteinian apology at its best.